Albania’s rapid aging will put the country’s health system in front of difficult financial challenges. An aging population suffers from a high burden of diseases, which require higher funding.
The World Health Organization in the new program for Albania until 2025 noted that the promotion of health and well-being will require Albania to address the consequences of an aging population and a high burden of infectious diseases.
The WHO warns that the decline of the population accompanied by rapid aging threatens the financial stability of pensioners and the disabled, and this negatively affects their health.
From 2010 to 2019, life expectancy in Albania increased by 1.6 years reaching 79.9 for women and 76.2 for men, but the data is still significantly below the EU average where women live an average of 83.8 years and men 78.45 years.
In the same period, the population of Albania decreased by an average of 0.25% per year and the percentage of the population aged 65 increased from 10.6% to 14% of the total population.
On the other hand, our country is faced with major deficiencies in services and investments in the sectors of health, education, social care and social protection systems, WHO points out.
In the health sector, neonatal mortality and malnutrition remain challenges. Egyptian women and women living in rural and remote areas in Albania continue to have limited access to primary health care and sexual and reproductive health care services.
Albania has a high burden of non-chronic diseases that require intensive focus on the prevention of risk factors. Their reduction requires a sustained increase in investment and strengthening of monitoring, treatment, evaluation and prevention.
A key priority should be a cross-sectoral approach to halt the spread of childhood obesity and reduce salt consumption through policy advocacy, the development and enforcement of laws (such as taxes), labeling of processed foods and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle. healthy living in schools.